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Monthly Archives: February 2015

Signers of Texas Declaration of Independence

starhattieOn March 1, 1836, the Alamo had been under siege for a week by Gen. Santa Anna of Mexico and his army.  Due to the urgency of the situation, a committee of five Texas delegates met in Washington, Texas.  The following day, the committee presented the Declaration of Independence from Mexico that was adopted and signed by the rest of the delegates to the Texas convention.

Are you a descendant of the signers of the Texas Declaration of Independence?  Please see the list below.  Even if you aren’t a descendant, you will probably recognize that many towns and counties are named in honor of these individuals.

Badgett, Jesse B.
Barnett, George Washington
Barnett, Thomas
Blount, Stephen William
Bower, John White
Brigham, Asa
Briscoe, Andrew
Bunton, John Wheeler
Byrom, John Smith Davenport
Caldwell, Mathew
Carson, Samuel Price
Childress, George Campbell
Clark, William, Jr.
Coleman, Robert M.
Collinsworth, James
Conrad, Edward
Crawford, William Carrol
Ellis, Richard
Everitt, Stephen Hendrickson
Fisher, John
Fisher, Samuel Rhoads
Gaines, James Taylor
Gazley, Thomas Jefferson
Goodrich, Benjamin Briggs
Grimes, Jesse
Hamilton, Robert
Hardeman, Bailey
Hardin, Augustine Blackburn
Houston, Samuel
Kimble, Herbert (secretary)
Lacy, William Demetrius
Latimer, Albert Hamilton
LeGrand, Edwin Oswald
Maverick, Samuel Augustus
McKinney, Collin
Menard, Michel Branamour
Menefee, William
Moore, John W.
Mottley, Junius William
Navarro, José Antonio
Parmer, Martin
Penington, Sydney Oswald
Potter, Robert
Power, James
Roberts, John S.
Robertson, Sterling Clack
Ruiz, Jose Francisco
Rusk, Thomas Jefferson
Scates, William Bennett
Smyth, George Washington
Stapp, Elijah
Stewart, Charles Bellinger Tate
Swisher, James Gibson
Taylor, Charles Stanfield
Thomas, David
Turner, John
Waller, Edwin
West, Claiborne
Woods, James B.
Zavala, Lorenzo de

The full text of the Declaration is as follows:

The Unanimous Declaration of Independence made by the Delegates of the People of Texas in General Convention at the town of Washington on the 2nd day of March 1836.

When a government has ceased to protect the lives, liberty and property of the people, from whom its legitimate powers are derived, and for the advancement of whose happiness it was instituted, and so far from being a guarantee for the enjoyment of those inestimable and inalienable rights, becomes an instrument in the hands of evil rulers for their oppression.

When the Federal Republican Constitution of their country, which they have sworn to support, no longer has a substantial existence, and the whole nature of their government has been forcibly changed, without their consent, from a restricted federative republic, composed of sovereign states, to a consolidated central military despotism, in which every interest is disregarded but that of the army and the priesthood, both the eternal enemies of civil liberty, the everready minions of power, and the usual instruments of tyrants.

When, long after the spirit of the constitution has departed, moderation is at length so far lost by those in power, that even the semblance of freedom is removed, and the forms themselves of the constitution discontinued, and so far from their petitions and remonstrances being regarded, the agents who bear them are thrown into dungeons, and mercenary armies sent forth to force a new government upon them at the point of the bayonet.

When, in consequence of such acts of malfeasance and abdication on the part of the government, anarchy prevails, and civil society is dissolved into its original elements. In such a crisis, the first law of nature, the right of self-preservation, the inherent and inalienable rights of the people to appeal to first principles, and take their political affairs into their own hands in extreme cases, enjoins it as a right towards themselves, and a sacred obligation to their posterity, to abolish such government, and create another in its stead, calculated to rescue them from impending dangers, and to secure their future welfare and happiness.

Nations, as well as individuals, are amenable for their acts to the public opinion of mankind. A statement of a part of our grievances is therefore submitted to an impartial world, in justification of the hazardous but unavoidable step now taken, of severing our political connection with the Mexican people, and assuming an independent attitude among the nations of the earth.

The Mexican government, by its colonization laws, invited and induced the Anglo-American population of Texas to colonize its wilderness under the pledged faith of a written constitution, that they should continue to enjoy that constitutional liberty and republican government to which they had been habituated in the land of their birth, the United States of America.

In this expectation they have been cruelly disappointed, inasmuch as the Mexican nation has acquiesced in the late changes made in the government by General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, who having overturned the constitution of his country, now offers us the cruel alternative, either to abandon our homes, acquired by so many privations, or submit to the most intolerable of all tyranny, the combined despotism of the sword and the priesthood.

It has sacrificed our welfare to the state of Coahuila, by which our interests have been continually depressed through a jealous and partial course of legislation, carried on at a far distant seat of government, by a hostile majority, in an unknown tongue, and this too, notwithstanding we have petitioned in the humblest terms for the establishment of a separate state government, and have, in accordance with the provisions of the national constitution, presented to the general Congress a republican constitution, which was, without just cause, contemptuously rejected.

It incarcerated in a dungeon, for a long time, one of our citizens, for no other cause but a zealous endeavor to procure the acceptance of our constitution, and the establishment of a state government.

It has failed and refused to secure, on a firm basis, the right of trial by jury, that palladium of civil liberty, and only safe guarantee for the life, liberty, and property of the citizen.

It has failed to establish any public system of education, although possessed of almost boundless resources, (the public domain,) and although it is an axiom in political science, that unless a people are educated and enlightened, it is idle to expect the continuance of civil liberty, or the capacity for self government.

It has suffered the military commandants, stationed among us, to exercise arbitrary acts of oppression and tyrrany, thus trampling upon the most sacred rights of the citizens, and rendering the military superior to the civil power.

It has dissolved, by force of arms, the state Congress of Coahuila and Texas, and obliged our representatives to fly for their lives from the seat of government, thus depriving us of the fundamental political right of representation.

It has demanded the surrender of a number of our citizens, and ordered military detachments to seize and carry them into the Interior for trial, in contempt of the civil authorities, and in defiance of the laws and the constitution.

It has made piratical attacks upon our commerce, by commissioning foreign desperadoes, and authorizing them to seize our vessels, and convey the property of our citizens to far distant ports for confiscation.

It denies us the right of worshipping the Almighty according to the dictates of our own conscience, by the support of a national religion, calculated to promote the temporal interest of its human functionaries, rather than the glory of the true and living God.

It has demanded us to deliver up our arms, which are essential to our defence, the rightful property of freemen, and formidable only to tyrannical governments.

It has invaded our country both by sea and by land, with intent to lay waste our territory, and drive us from our homes; and has now a large mercenary army advancing, to carry on against us a war of extermination.

It has, through its emissaries, incited the merciless savage, with the tomahawk and scalping knife, to massacre the inhabitants of our defenseless frontiers.

It hath been, during the whole time of our connection with it, the contemptible sport and victim of successive military revolutions, and hath continually exhibited every characteristic of a weak, corrupt, and tyrranical government.

These, and other grievances, were patiently borne by the people of Texas, untill they reached that point at which forbearance ceases to be a virtue. We then took up arms in defence of the national constitution. We appealed to our Mexican brethren for assistance. Our appeal has been made in vain. Though months have elapsed, no sympathetic response has yet been heard from the Interior. We are, therefore, forced to the melancholy conclusion, that the Mexican people have acquiesced in the destruction of their liberty, and the substitution therfor of a military government; that they are unfit to be free, and incapable of self government.

The necessity of self-preservation, therefore, now decrees our eternal political separation.

We, therefore, the delegates with plenary powers of the people of Texas, in solemn convention assembled, appealing to a candid world for the necessities of our condition, do hereby resolve and declare, that our political connection with the Mexican nation has forever ended, and that the people of Texas do now constitute a free, Sovereign, and independent republic, and are fully invested with all the rights and attributes which properly belong to independent nations; and, conscious of the rectitude of our intentions, we fearlessly and confidently commit the issue to the decision of the Supreme arbiter of the destinies of nations.

© 2015, all rights reserved
 
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Posted by on February 24, 2015 in county names, history, texas

 

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Ace Reid, Cowboy Cartoonist

ace_reid

Asa Elmer “Ace” Reid, Jr. was born March 10, 1925 in Lelia Lake, Donley County, Texas to Asa E. Reid and Callie Miles Bishop. The family moved to a ranch outside Electra, Wichita County, Texas where Ace lived until he left high school to join the Navy in 1943. Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on February 20, 2015 in biography, humor, texas

 

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Valentine, Texas


valentine

Valentine, Texas in Jeff Davis County is not a ghost town, but is currently a shadow of the village it was during its brief heyday. It was founded on February 14, 1882 by a Southern Pacific Railroad crew. Trains began to run the following year and it added a post office in 1886. For many years, the Southern Pacific Railroad maintained a large roundhouse in which they serviced their railroad engines running between California and Chicago. With the railroad business, the population of Valentine briefly swelled.

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Posted by on February 13, 2015 in biography, history, texas, town names

 

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John Wesley Hardin, Outlaw (1853-1895)

Reported in the Galveston Daily News, Galveston, Texas Saturday August 25, 1877:
A Texas Desperado

WHITING, -ALA, August 24. – Today, as the train was leaving Pensacola, the sheriff, with a posse, boarded the cars to assist two Texas officials to arrest the notorious John Wesley Hardin, who is said to have committed twenty-seven murders, and for whose body four thousand dollars has been offered by the Legislature of Texas. His last murder in Texas was the killing of the sheriff of Comanche County. He has lived in the State of Florida for years as John Swain. Being related to the county officers he has escaped arrest. About twenty shots were fired in making the arrest.

Hardin’s companion, named Mann, who held a pistol in his hand, was killed.”

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Posted by on February 10, 2015 in biography, history, outlaws, texas

 

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The Preacher and the Police Chief

117 years ago today, the paragraph below appeared in the Bryan, Texas Eagle: “The Gun of Rev. George W. Truett Goes Off Accidentally While Hunting. Dallas, Feb. 5. – J. C. Arnold, chief of police of this city, was accidentally shot yesterday near Cleburne, Tex., while hunting, by Rev. George W. Truett, pastor of the First Baptist church here. The gun of the minister was accidentally discharged, sending a load of birdshot into Captain Arnold’s leg. The wound is not considered dangerous.”

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Posted by on February 5, 2015 in biography, history, texas

 

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The Romance of the Outlaw

“John Wesley Harding
Was a friend to the poor
He trav’led with a gun in ev’ry hand
All along this countryside
He opened a many a door
But he was never known
To hurt a honest man.”

“John Wesley Harding” by Bob Dylan

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Posted by on February 2, 2015 in history, outlaws, texas

 

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