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Harold Barefoot Sanders, Jr.

Judge Harold Barefoot Sanders was born on February 5, 1925 to attorney Harold Barefoot Sanders, Sr. and May Elizabeth Forrester Sanders in Dallas, Texas.  Sanders told of growing up during the Depression, working odd jobs to raise money for the family.  He and his father were both named for Dennie Barefoot, Judge Sanders’ paternal grandmother.  She was the granddaughter of Daniel Barefoot, of Tennessee, who had settled in Montague County, Texas in the 1800s.  Dennie’s father Jonathan Barefoot had served in the Civil War.  Judge Sanders talked about the name Barefoot and explained in a 1971 newspaper article that it was not a nickname and was his grandmother’s maiden name.  He also clarified that it was not a Native American name, as some might have supposed.

Sanders served in the United States Navy on a destroyer in the Pacific Theater during World War II.  After the war ended, he enrolled at the University of Texas at Austin.  He earned a bachelor’s degree in 1949 and a law degree in 1950, both from the University of Texas at Austin. After his graduation, Sanders joined his father’s Dallas law firm in 1950, Storey, Sanders, Sherrill and Armstrong.

Early on, he went by his initials, H. B.  Although the name Barefoot may have caused him to be teased as a youth, it proved to be beneficial when it came to name recognition when he was campaigning for public office. While at the University of Texas, he campaigned for student body president.  He and his supporters are believed to have painted footprints around campus on election day.  He also wore a gold footprint pin on his robes when he became a judge.  In later campaigns, his supporters would sometimes give out sugar cookies in the shape of a foot, complete with toes.

On November 22, 1963, the day of President Kennedy’s assassination, Sanders was serving as United States attorney for the Northern District of Texas.  Sanders and his wife were passengers in the motorcade behind the President and Governor Conally.  He told of having warned the officials on Kennedy’s staff against appearing in the motorcade.  After the news broke about the death of the President, it became necessary for Sanders to locate Judge Sarah T. Hughes in order to administer the presidential oath of office to Vice President Johnson.  After calling her office and her home, he was able to locate Judge Hughes who had already headed for a luncheon that was to have featured the President after the motorcade.  She rushed to the airport and administered the oath aboard Air Force One while it sat at Love Field.

He served three terms as in the Texas legislature from 1953 to 1959 and was defeated in 1958 in a bid for the United States House of Representatives by the incumbent, Bruce Alger.  During Kennedy’s presidential campaign, he served as campaign manager for Dallas County.  Kennedy appointed him to serve as United States Attorney for Dallas and he went on to serve several years with the Justice Department for the Northern District. During the Johnson administration, he served as counsel to the President and was considered to be influential in the promotion and passage of the Civil Rights Act.  He also served from 1965 to 1967 as assistant deputy attorney general.  He later served as a federal judge for twenty-eight years.  During his career, Sanders was nominated twice for a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, but was not selected either time.  After defeating former Senator Ralph Yarborough in the Democratic primary, Sanders campaigned unsuccessfully for the United States Senate in an effort to gain the seat of Senator John Tower.

Judge Sanders was appointed as a federal judge by President Jimmy Carter in 1979 and presided over the Dallas ISD desegregation case until 2003.  Sanders served as senior judge from 1989 to 1995 and retired in 2006.  Some of his decisions included approval of targeted learning centers and magnet schools as an academic alternative to the prior focus on student busing.  One of his later major cases was to oversee the restructuring of Texas hospitals for the mentally ill.

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(Image credit: State Bar of Texas)

His honors include receiving the “Outstanding Fifty Year Lawyer Award” from the Texas Bar Association.  After his long career, Sanders passed away in 2008 at the age of 83.

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Posted by on August 22, 2019 in biography, jfk assassination

 

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Frank Mann, Aviation/Automotive Engineer

After the success of the book and film Hidden Figures which generated much deserved recognition for NASA employees Katherine Jonson, Dorothy vaughan and Mary Jackson, the book with the eye catching title of Hidden Genius: Frank Mann, the Black Engineer Behind Howard Hughes came to our attention.  It is the story of Frank Calvin Mann, as told by H. T. Bryer.

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Posted by on August 15, 2019 in biography, black history

 

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Texas and Pacific Railway

In an article under the column “Domestic Intelligence” the Galveston Daily News reported on March 3, 1871 that the Texas Pacific Railway when it was granted a federal charter to operate.  The company was authorized to build a railroad via the most direct and eligible route along the 32nd Parallel from Marshall, Texas to El Paso and on to San Diego, California.  With the railroad grant came a federal land grant of twenty sections of land per mile in California and Texas and forty sections of land in the territories of New Mexico and Arizona.  Why Marshall, Texas?  A Louisiana company, New Oleans, Baton Rouge and Vicksburg Railway Company already had been granted a charter to connect to the line at Marshall.

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Posted by on August 8, 2019 in railroad

 

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Hoodoo War

The Hoodoo War was the common name for the Mason County War, which took place in the middle 1870s in the area and arose over the killing and rustling of cattle.  This was typified by attacks from vigilantes wearing masks to conceal their identities and to generate terror.  These vigilantes essentially took the law into their own hands in an effort to defend against the alleged perpetrators.

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Posted by on August 1, 2019 in outlaws and crimes, texas rangers

 

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Wiley Post

Wiley Hardeman Post was born November 22, 1898 near Grand Saline, Van Zandt County, Texas to William Francis and Mae Quinlan Post.  His family were cotton farmers and moved to Oklahoma when Wiley was five years old, finally settling close to Maysville.  He was exposed to flying at a local county fair when he was about twenty years old.  It inspired him to take flying lessons, though he did not begin flying on his own until later but took a construction job.

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Posted by on July 25, 2019 in aviation, biography

 

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Governor Dolph Briscoe and the Chicken Ranch

Dolph Briscoe, Jr. was the 41st governor of Texas.  He was born April 23, 1923 in Uvalde County, Texas to Leigh Adolphus (Dolph) and Georgia M. Garvey Briscoe.  His grandparents were Leigh Adolphus (the first of his Briscoe ancestors to be born in Texas) and Lucy A. Briscoe.  Going further back on the Briscoe side, his great grandfather was Robert Permenias Briscoe and his great grandfather was Andrew Briscoe, a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence and a settler in the old Fort Bend area.

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Posted by on July 18, 2019 in biography, governor

 

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Freddy Fender

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(Image credit: FreddyFender.com)

Freddy Fender was born Baldemar Garcia Huerta in San Benito, Cameron County, Texas on June 4, 1937.  His parents were Serapio and Margarita Garcia Huerta, who were migrant farm workers.  Huerta was the oldest of four children and was raised around music, including lively “conjunto,” a traditional style of music that includes a blend of Tejano and references to German polka, including the use of an accordion.  He performed as early as the age of ten on a Harlingen, Texas radio station.  He dropped out of high school and lied about his age to join the United States Marine Corps.  He served from 1954 to 1956.  Huerta married in 1957 as he began to perform as “El Be-Bop Kid” and other stage names, doing covers of popular American hits of artists like Elvis Presley but singing them in Spanish.  He and his wife Evangelina had five children.  They divorced and remarried at one point, but otherwise were married for about forty-five years.

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Posted by on July 11, 2019 in biography, entertainers, hispanic heritage

 

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